Typically we speak of complicated grief when
—the survivor is < 30 years old or > 65 years or when young children are living at home
—the circumstances of death are one of the following :
– Long illness (over 18 months)
– Sudden death (under 2 weeks)
– Violent death.
– Perception that death could have been prevented.
— When the client experiences the lack of family, friends… and there is (the feeling of) lack of support
—When concurrent losses have happened within the past year : the death of another close person, a divorce, a job loss, a retirement, children leaving home, a major surgery or illness.
—When the quality of relationships is conflicted, ambivalent or highly dependent.
—When there is a history of health problems.
—When there is a history of poor coping skills in past crises.
—When you Lost a child : any age (includes reproductive loss, still death, adult children)
“When dealing with death caused by a traumatic event, it is important to recognize that the trauma must be processed before grieving can take place.” (Rando, 1993)